Let’s summarise what sort of medium the Bible hints at based on our earlier studies. There are three key things that I want to focus on – two that are related to the heavens (shamayim) and one that is related to the skies (shachaq).
The Heavens (Shamayim)
- God stretched out the heavens
- Like a curtain that is used in the tabernacle (H3407) – Psalm 104:2
- Like a fine, thin curtain like a veil (H1852) – Isaiah 40:22
- Like spreading out or setting up a tent – Isaiah 40:22
- The heavens will wear out and be changed
- They will wear out like clothing – Psalm 102:26, Hebrews 1:11
- Like changing clothes, the heavens will be changed – Psalm 102:26, Hebrews 1:12
- Those things which can be shaken will be swapped or exchanged for those things which cannot be shaken – Hebrews 12:27
The Skies (Shachaq)
What is the shachaq?
The word is quite unusual:
- In one usage it means a speck of dust – Isaiah 40:15
- But in the remaining usages it has something to do with the sky or clouds.
It has one unusual property which I didn’t expect. It may be a crucial piece of the puzzle in understanding the medium.
- He made them firm or strengthened them – Proverbs 8:28
- Strong as cast (H3332) mirror glass (H7209) – Job 37:18
Putting it all together – A weave using strong material?
I find it interesting that the heavens in the passages mentioned above are quite often linked with things that are weaved together like curtains, clothing and tents. I also find it intriguing that there is this shachaq word mentioned in Scripture to do with the skies that has some amazing strength.
This also got me thinking about why the heavens are called the firmament (raqiya) when raqa (the verb related to raqiya and meaning to spread out, including beating, hammering and spreading out metal) is not used to describe the stretching out of the heavens. Exodus 39:3 caught my attention.
Then they hammered out (raqa) gold sheets and cut them into threads to be woven in with the blue and the purple and the scarlet material, and the fine linen, the work of a skillful workman.
In this verse, gold is hammered out (raqa) and then cut to produce threads or strands which are woven in with some other yarns.
Perhaps this gives us insight into the “fabric” of space. Perhaps, there is some material that is strong and maybe even weaved in some way, and this material is then spread out like a curtain or like a tent, but it is wearing out and will eventually be changed or replaced.
Here are some other properties of this medium based on what we observe:
- This medium is invisible, i.e. we can see through it.
- It works in such a way that matter can move through it, like the earth rotating and moving through space as it orbits the sun.
Impact on Science
It is very likely that this fabric of space operates at a level below the atomic level. Some might even speculate that it might be at a level where things are deterministic once again in physics and quantum physics is merely a statistical calculation for determining the probability of different observations at a level above this fabric.
Who knows what physical effects this medium is causing already? For example, and this is just speculation:
- the speed of light
- the resistance to moving objects, especially as the speed of light is approached
- the properties of matter as particles interact with this medium
- waves travelling through the medium (transverse and possibly longitudinal)
- the cosmic microwave background radiation
This topic strikes at the very core of physics.