What sort of medium does the Bible hint at?

Let’s summarise what sort of medium the Bible hints at based on our earlier studies. There are three key things that I want to focus on – two that are related to the heavens (shamayim) and one that is related to the skies (shachaq).

The Heavens (Shamayim)

  1. God stretched out the heavens
    • Like a curtain that is used in the tabernacle (H3407) – Psalm 104:2
    • Like a fine, thin curtain like a veil (H1852) – Isaiah 40:22
    • Like spreading out or setting up a tent – Isaiah 40:22
  2. The heavens will wear out and be changed
    • They will wear out like clothing – Psalm 102:26, Hebrews 1:11
    • Like changing clothes, the heavens will be changed – Psalm 102:26, Hebrews 1:12
    • Those things which can be shaken will be swapped or exchanged for those things which cannot be shaken – Hebrews 12:27

The Skies (Shachaq)

What is the shachaq?

The word is quite unusual:

  • In one usage it means a speck of dust – Isaiah 40:15
  • But in the remaining usages it has something to do with the sky or clouds.

It has one unusual property which I didn’t expect. It may be a crucial piece of the puzzle in understanding the medium.


  • He made them firm or strengthened them – Proverbs 8:28
  • Strong as cast (H3332) mirror glass (H7209) – Job 37:18

Putting it all together – A weave using strong material?

I find it interesting that the heavens in the passages mentioned above are quite often linked with things that are weaved together like curtains, clothing and tents.  I also find it intriguing that there is this shachaq word mentioned in Scripture to do with the skies that has some amazing strength.

This also got me thinking about why the heavens are called the firmament (raqiya) when raqa (the verb related to raqiya and meaning  to spread out, including beating, hammering and spreading out metal) is not used to describe the stretching out of the heavens.  Exodus 39:3 caught my attention.

Then they hammered out (raqa) gold sheets and cut them into threads to be woven in with the blue and the purple and the scarlet material, and the fine linen, the work of a skillful workman.

In this verse, gold is hammered out (raqa) and then cut to produce threads or strands which are woven in with some other yarns.

Perhaps this gives us insight into the “fabric” of space.  Perhaps, there is some material that is  strong and maybe even weaved in some way, and this material is then spread out like a curtain or like a tent, but it is wearing out and will eventually be changed or replaced.

Physical Factors

Here are some other properties of this medium based on what we observe:

  • This medium is invisible, i.e. we can see through it.
  • It works in such a way that matter can move through it, like the earth rotating and moving through space as it orbits the sun.

Impact on Science

It is very likely that this fabric of space operates at a level below the atomic level.  Some might even speculate that it might be at a level where things are deterministic once again in physics and quantum physics is merely a statistical calculation for determining the probability of different observations at a level above this fabric.

Who knows what physical effects this medium is causing already? For example, and this is just speculation:

  • the speed of light
  • the resistance to moving objects, especially as the speed of light is approached
  • gravity
  • the properties of matter as particles interact with this medium
  • waves travelling through the medium (transverse and possibly longitudinal)
  • the cosmic microwave background radiation
  • etc.

This topic strikes at the very core of physics.


8 thoughts on “What sort of medium does the Bible hint at?

  1. […] verses.  I don’t have a solution to this at the present time but a later post speculates on what sort of medium the Bible hints at.  But nevertheless, this must be factored in when trying to understand the heavens, firmament and […]

  2. […] The information seems too limited to make a firm conclusion on these matters – unless other verses provide more insight.  However, it is something to consider and a direction to head in when making an attempt to model all this scientifically. For further discussion on the medium refer to the category Descriptions of the medium or refer to a later post where what sort of medium that the Bible hints at is discussed further. […]

  3. […] With this interpretation of the jars and the dust, the casting seems to be the whole of the region bounded by the outer fringes of the heavens and the waters above the firmament.  Thinking of the heavens like a tent, this is like saying that we are going to pour this dust into the whole tent.  The tent is the casting. For another perspective on how this might combine with our study on the stretching out of the heavens take a look at a later post on what sort of medium does the Bible hint at. […]

  4. […] Should we go back to the initial imagery of the heavens where they are being put up and stretched like a tent going up?  In the case of a tent, it can get rolled up.  What is the connection, then, between this tent like structure and all the host of heaven within it?  Does there exist some fine and highly strung structure throughout the inner part of the tent which is connected to this outer tent like structure?  Are all the host of heaven connected to this strong but fine structure? For more discussion on this medium take a look at a later post on what sort of medium does the Bible hint at. […]

  5. […] One of the properties of this new version of the heavens is that it can’t be shaken.  At this stage, I don’t have any ideas as to what would cause it not to be able to be shaken. However, I get the feeling that if other physicists knew about this and believed it then it would make a difference. I don’t understand the physics but I know what Scripture says. (For further discussion on the current version of the heavens, especially from a physics perspective, refer to a later post about what sort of medium ….) […]

  6. […] This was a surprising result that I was not expecting at all. Each time that I had read that God stretched out the heavens, I had associated a meaning to it based on my understanding of modern day science and one particular shade of meaning of the English word rather than looking at the usage of the Hebrew word. I am going to have to rethink my mental picture and conception of what the firmament and heavens are. I need to go back to the Bible and see what else I can learn. This stretching out of the heavens like a curtain is a step in the right direction.  For further discussion of the firmament and heavens, refer to a later post on what sort of medium does the Bible hint at. […]

  7. […] One of the things that keeps gnawing away at me with these analogies of the curtain and the tent is that they are focussed on things that are on the boundary and that enclose something.  I get the impression that the “structure” of the heavens is at the far reaches of the universe at the boundary of the waters above the firmament.  It makes me wonder if there is a difference between the firmament and the heavens.  Perhaps, and this is speculation now, perhaps the heavens is the outside structure like the tent fabric and perhaps the firmament is what is enclosed between the outer boundary and earth.  Perhaps, the firmament is called the heavens (Gen 1:8) in the same way that when someone refers to a tent they refer to the contents of the tent also.  In Genesis 1, the objects in day four are not put in the heavens but in the firmament of the heavens.  Similarly, birds, strictly speaking according to Gen 1:20, don’t so much fly in the heavens but at the face or boundary edge of the firmament of the heavens. For further discussion of the medium refer to the category on Descriptions of the medium or refer to a later post on what sort of medium does the Bible hint at. […]

  8. […] on that study and other passages on how the heavens were stretched out and made,  I was viewing the heavens rolling up as a scroll as the very fabric of space, a […]

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