Edom in the Old Testament

Based on Isaiah 34 and Isaiah 63, Edom seems to have a key role in end time events, especially with the heavens rolling up like a scroll. This post looks briefly at other Old Testament passages that mention Edom and that could potentially have an end times element. It is written in notes form.

Psalm 108, 60 and 57

  • Psalm 108:6-13 and Psalm 60:5-12 are almost identical. It is in this section of the two psalms that Edom is mentioned.
  • Psalm 108:1- 5 and Psalm 57:7-11 are almost identical. Although Psalm 57 doesn’t mention Edom, the link to Psalm 108 suggests that there themes are similar.
  • The start of Psalm 60 explains the immediate context of this psalm. But I wonder if there is also a prophetic/future aspect also.
  • Psalm 60:8 “Over Edom I shall throw my shoe”. This might be an allusion to servitude, where a slave picks up the cast-off shoe from the master upon his return home.
  • Psalm 60:1-4 – God has rejected us and made us experience hardship; plea to restore us. Also mention of the earth quaking (v2).
  • Psalm 108:1-5 – I will sing praises and give thanks to God among the people and nations (v3). The exalting of God “above the heavens” (v4, 5). (The same thing in Psalm 57.)

Judges 5:3-5

  • The context of verses 4 and 5 is the wilderness wanderings. This event is repeated later on by David in Psalm 68:7, 8. However Judges 5:4 explicitly mentions marching “from the field of Edom” whereas Psalm 68:7 says “march through the wilderness”.
  • Both passages, Judges 5:4 and Psalm 68:8, mention that the earth quaked.
  • I wonder if there is a future/prophetic aspect of these verses in Judges 5.
  • Judges 5:3 has singing of praises to God with a mention of kings and rulers to hear. This reminds me of Psalm 108:3.

Micah 2:12, 13

  • In verse 12 there is a mention of Bozrah (“sheep fold”) but it is in the context of a simile (“like” or “as”): “I will put them together as the sheep of Bozrah” (ASV).
  • From this verse alone, I am not comfortable concluding that the remnant of Israel will be gathered together in Bozrah. It is not explicitly saying that.
  • Verse 13 has the Lord going before them as they break out, presumably from where they were gathered in verse 12.

Jeremiah 49:7-22

  • While I see a clear prophecy in verse 13 “that Bozrah will become an object of horror, a reproach, a ruin and a curse; and all its cities will become perpetual ruins” (v13, NAS; compare with verse 17), I don’t see an end times focus in this passage. In particular, the purpose of the gathering of the nations in verse 14 is to “come against her” – the context of this passage is that “her” is Edom and not Israel.

Other Prophecies Concerning Edom

  • Lamentations 4:22, Ezekiel 25:12-14 and Obadiah (all 21 verses) are, like Jeremiah 49:7-22, passages of judgement on Edom.